The structure and essence of independent work of student
The corporation of independent work depends mostly in the outcomes of students learning and their future practical tasks. Separate work of pupils is a tremendously broad concept, when you look at the interpretation of which different approaches were formed, which will be as a result of variations in comprehending the essence of the trend.
Usually, independent work is considered as an independent style of training, along with:
- a lecture,
- a seminar,
- practical classes, etc.
Different ways to independent work of students
At precisely the same time, its important features consider compulsory classes into the assigned time routine associated with the university time, work without having the direct involvement associated with the teacher, however for the mandatory control. In accordance with other statements, separate work involves all active mental activity of students into the academic process, is the interior basis of interaction between differing kinds and kinds of occupation among themselves. Considering independent act as the key method of gaining knowledge, adherents for this approach argue so it covers cognitive task, which students execute not merely in extracurricular, but additionally in lectures, seminars, individual interviews, tests, exams, during defense of coursework, diploma papers, etc. This is certainly, separate work, in accordance with this eyesight, encompasses all types and types of the educational process.
In essence, separate work is a working psychological activity of a pupil linked to the execution of a training task. The existence of a job and a target installation on its execution are thought to be characteristic signs and symptoms of separate work. The tasks that students need certainly to tackle in their educational tasks are the ones that concern them:
- assimilation regarding the material regarding the subject, which will be considered during the lecture (work with the abstract of this lecture, suggested by the academic literary works);
- summarizing of fundamental works according to the curriculum system;
- solving tasks, undertaking experiments, experiments, etc.;
- planning of abstracts, control works, fixed performances (reports) during the tutorial;
- planning needless to say, diploma, master’s works.
Each one of these components of the educational process are separate work, because students perform them to a certain degree independently, in non-auditing time.
Stages of independent work of student
Independent work is an educational activity associated with student, targeted at studying and learning the materials associated with the subject without having the direct involvement of this instructor.
Independent work with the fulfillment regarding the research task encompasses three phases.
- Planning for the student when it comes to task, theoretical, emotional, organizational, methodological and logistical help of independent work.
- The student’s theoretical readiness is manifested inside the intellectual readiness, that is, the capability to apply his knowledge to your task.
- Practical readiness could be the power to optimally prepare an independent work, skillfully utilize the summary of lectures, textbooks, manuals, computer, mental operations (analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, category, etc.).
- The student’s psychological readiness presupposes, to start with, the existence of motives for doing a particular task. To allow the duty set before the pupil to be the motive of their mental, practical activity, it should be sensed by him. The internal perception of this task starts with an actualization of this motive, which encourages the student to do the duty, and, accordingly, to arrange their very own separate work.
- The success of the preparatory stage is dependent upon the organizational, methodological, material and technical support for the pupil’s separate work (availability of literary works, methodological suggestions, visual helps, information and computer base, etc.).
- Direct execution for the study assignment. This is actually the most critical and a lot of responsible phase into the pupil’s separate work. Because the academic task and a lot of often does occur in the educational-cognitive kind, along the way of their implementation involved all mental processes that offer cognitive activity: feeling, perception, imagination, memory, thinking, attention, etc. The effectiveness plagiarism checker of the duty is affected by such personal qualities for the student as dedication, perseverance, obligation, etc.
- Analysis associated with completed task could be the last phase of separate work. Throughout the analysis, the student evaluates (by self-control, often inter-control) the product quality and period of the task, the effectiveness of this methods and tools used in the process of separate work.